PRAVNI ZAPISI • Year X • No. 1 • pp. 40-64

NEITHER SECULAR STATE NOR LAICAL REPUBLIC?
LEGAL POSITION OF RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN COMMUNIST YUGOSLAVIA: LEGAL FRAMEWORK ANALYSIS

Language: English

Doc. dr Marko Božić
Assistant Professor, Union University Law School Belgrade
e-mail: marko.bozic@pravnifakultet.rs

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Pravni zapisi, No. 1/2019, pp. 40-64

Original Scientific Article

DOI: 10.5937/pravzap0-21203

KEY WORDS
secularism, laicism, communism, Yugoslavia, legal status of religious communities, religious liberty, state and church relation

ABSTRACT
The paper is a contribution to a scholarly debate on the controversial secular nature of the communist state. It aims to challenge a presumed affiliation of Yugoslav communist model of church and state separation to French laical approach through examination of legal status of religious communities in Yugoslavia between 1946 and 1991. Methodologically restricted to a normative analysis of  basic  legal  framework,  the  paper  particularly  sheds  light  on  religious  liberty, religious education and public funding of religious communities. It detects signs of evolution in official legal politics towards religion and emphasizes differences between the eight parallel Yugoslav legal systems that existed since the mid-seventies. Strictly analytical, the achieved results justify plausibility of starting presumption without pretending to give a final answer. As such, the paper presents a groundwork for further enquiries that would combine its normative findings with relevant sociological and historical data.